The Symptoms of Stage 4 CKD
When the illness condition develops into stage 4 CKD, it means patients have advanced kidney damage with a severe decrease in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to 15-30ml/min. Patients with stage 4 CKD will need dialysis or a kidney transplant in the near further.
Patients with stage 4 CKD may suffer from the following symptoms:
Fatigue: For patients with CKD, fatigue is a common symptom and is often caused by anemia.
Poor appetite: People in stage 4 CKD may not feel like eating, and some people even have a metallic taste in their mouth or bad breath.
Nausea: Vomiting or feeling nauseated may occur with CKD. It is because the toxic substances in the blood can stimulate the gastrointestinal tract.
Taste changes: Food may not taste like it usually does, or may have a metallic taste.
Swelling: The kidneys may loose their ability to control how much fluid stays in the body and they failed to remove the excessive water out of body. Patients may notice swelling in their lower legs, hands or face around the eyes. Because of swelling, patients may feel short of breath.
Kidney pain: Generally speaking, most people with CKD don’t have kidney pain, however, patients with PKD or infections may have pain in their back where the kidneys are located.
Urination changes: If patients have proteinuria, urine may be foamy; urine may be dark orange, brown, tea colored, if patients have blood in urine. Patients with stage 4 CKD may urinate more or less than normal, or get up at night to go to the bathroom.
Uremic breath: As urea builds up in the blood, it may be detected in the breathing causing bad breath.
Sleep problems: Some people have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Itching, muscles cramps or restless legs can keep them awake.
Nerve problems: Numbness or tingling in the toes or fingers is a symptom of CKD.
Stage 4 CKD means the condition has developed into Renal Failure, it seems that dialysis or kidney transplant is their last choice. As a matte of fact, it is not. If patients with CKD 4 have the certain kidney function, they have the possibility to avoid dialysis and kidney transplant. So how much is your kidney function?