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Main > Kidney Disease > Chronic Kidney Disease > CKD Symptoms >
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What is Kidney Shrinkage and What are the Causes of Kidney Shrinkage

2015-02-06 16:54

What is Kidney Shrinkage and What are the Causes of Kidney ShrinkageWhat is kidney shrinkage and what are the causes of kidney shrinkage ? Kidney shrinkage is one of the symptoms of kidney failure, but not all of the patients know it clear. I hope the following contents can help you know more about it.

What is kidney shrinkage ?

Kidney shrinkage (atrophic kidney or kidney shrinking) refers to the shrinkage in the size of one or both kidneys. Kidney size can reflect kidney function: larger or smaller than the normal kidney size indicates the dysfunction of kidney. When kidney begins to shrink, the disease may develop into renal insufficiency or uremia. In early stage, kidney shrinkage is asymptomatic. Only patients’ kidney function is below 50%, can patients feel some symptoms.

What are the causes of kidney shrinkage ?

There are three common causes of kidney shrinkage: congenital renal dysplasia, end stage kidney disease and chronic pyelonephritis.

1.Congenital renal dysplasia

Due to obstacles of blood supply in embryonic period or other reasons, renal tissue can’t develop sufficiently. Hypogenetic kidney is less than 50% of the normal kidney size.

2.End stage kidney disease

When the disease develops into end stage kidney disease, serum creatinine and urea nitrogen usually reach a high level. Nephrons, the functional tissues of kidney, suffer damage. Kidney will shrink.

3.Chronic pyelonephritis

Pyelonephritis is due to obstruction of the urinary tract, which can cause elevated pressure on veins, arteries and tissues. The condition can cause severely damage to patients’ nephrons. Kidney will suffer damage and begin to shrink over time.

Have you got the answers you want ? If you have other questions or need any help in treating kidney shrinkage, do not hesitant to contact us by email or leave message to us, we will try our best to help you. Our email: kidney-support@hotmail.com

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