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Basic knowledge of Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) happens when a person suffers from gradual and usually permanent loss of kidney function over time, usually months to years. With loss of kidney function, water, waste and toxic substances accumulate in the body, which can cause a series of symptoms, such as high blood pressure, anemia, acidosis, fatty acids and disorders of cholesterol and bone diseases and so on.

Chronic Kidney Disease is divided into five stages of increasing severity (see the table below)

You are at higher-than-normal risk of developing CKD, if you have any of the conditions like Type 1 or 2 Diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, systemic lupus erythematosus, heart disease, a family history of kidney disease, vesicoureteral reflux and so on.

At stage of CKD 1-3, the illness condition is possible to be reversed, if people can take the early treatment and keep a healthy diet. However, in general, there are no obvious symptoms at the early stage of disease, or because of the limited diagnostic facilities, the condition is easy to be delayed. Once it develops into stage 4 CKD and stage 5 CKD, it will be difficult to be reversed. At this time, most people will choose dialysis or a kidney transplant.