Featured StoryAsk a Doctor

Live chat with nephrologists for a free second opinion on your specific illness condition!Ask Dr.Shan

Lower High Creatinine

High creatinine level indicates serious kidney problem, well, how to lower creatinine level in blood naturally?Read More

Advanced Medical Inspection Equipments

The accurate diagnosis can be a powerful guarantee for the kidney disease treatment While the accurate dialysis needs the support from the advanced medical inspection equipments which achieve world-class level. More Equipment

Patients Blog

It is such a place where you can share your experience, see the international news about kidney disease and find the answers to the questions bothering.


Check your Kidneys

Find a doctor

Explore treatments

Related Topic About Kidney Disease
Special Tests for Your Kidneys
Ask a Doctor

Consult or get to know Dr.Shan of the Internal Medicine / nephrology department for free >>

Most Popular Articles
Latest News
Main > Kidney Disease > Diabetes > Diabetes Diagnosis >
Font Size A A A

The Important Tests For Diabetes Patients

2018-08-02 10:52

To a diabetes patient the test of blood and urine is very important to know about their exact condition,then the test items you must know well.

Urine sugar(U-GLU): When the blood glucose concentration increases to a certain extent, the renal tubules cannot absorb all glucose in urine back. When the urine glucose increase is positive, it is indicated by the ” +” sign in clinic. Generally speaking, urine sugar can reflect the blood sugar situation, but urine sugar is also affected by many other factors, and sometimes it is not completely consistent with blood sugar.

Glucose tolerance test ( ogtt ): The normal value was 6.7 – 9.4 mmol / l glucose for the first hour and no more then 7.8 mmol / l glucose for the second hour. After the third hour, the blood glucose returned to normal and all urine glucose was negative. When suffering from Diabetes, fasting blood glucose is higher than normal, and blood glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol / l 2 hours after taking sugar. Blood glucose (GLU): The normal value of fasting Plasma glucose ( FPG ) is 3.9 – 6.1 mmol / l; Fasting blood glucose ≥ 7 mmol / l or 2 hours after meal blood glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/ l , which indicates diabetes; Fasting blood glucose was raised from 6.1 to 7 mmol / l is considered fasting blood glucose ( IFG ) abnormality . 2 hours after the meal, it the blood glucose was 7.8 – 11.1 mmol / l is deemed as abnormal glucose tolerance ( IGT ). IFG and IGT are at the intermediate transition stage between normal people and diabetics. This kind of person have a high-risk for diabetes.

Glycated hemoglobin ( GHb ) and fructosamine ( GSP ): GHb can reflect the average blood glucose level 2 – 3 months before blood collection, and its normal value is 4 % – 6 %. GSP only reflects the overall control of blood glucose for 2 weeks before blood collection, and its normal value is 1.5 – 2.4 mmoles / liter.

Function test of Langerhans; Usually includes

1. C peptide release test: The C peptide is directly proportional to the amount of endogenous insulin produced. The significance of this test is the same as that of the insulin release test.

2. Microalbuminuria ( MALB): In early diabetic nephropathy, urine protein tested in general is often negative and it is easy to be ignored. When protein or other abnormalities occur in urine, kidney disease mutations cannot be reversed. If MALB in urine exceeds 30 mg / 24 hours, or 20 g / min, it indicates early renal damage.

If you want to know more about these information please contact us through following message:

E-mail: kidney-support@hotmail.com

Whatsapp / Viber / Wechat: +8618395615012

Any kidney problems? Please consult our online doctor. The satisfaction of patient is as high as 93%.

What you also want to know:
How can I get this treatment ?
How can I get this treatment in my country ?
How much is this treatment ?
What is the duration if I receive this treatment in your hospital ?
How can I go to your hospital ?

Tag: Glycated hemoglobin Blood glucose Fasting Plasma glucose Abnormal glucose tolerance C-peptide release test Microalbuminuria Diabetes Patients Urine sugar Glucose tolerance test

Pre: If Creatinine Level is 8 with Diabetes What Stage of CKD is It

Next: None

Any questions? Fill the form below. You will surely get the free medical advice from experts within 24 hours.

Phone Number:
Disease Description:
Related Articles