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Basic knowledge of Diabetes

Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which people have high blood sugar. Patients with high blood pressure will typically experience polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia and weight loss. There are three types of Diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

The body does not produce insulin. People usually develop Type 1 Diabetes before 40, often in early adulthood or teenage years. About 10% of all Diabetes cases are type 1. Patients with Type 1 Diabetes need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life.

Type 2 Diabetes

The body doesn’t produce enough insulin or the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin. About 90% of all cases of Diabetes are of this type. Losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing exercise and monitoring blood sugar levels can be able to control symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes to some extent. However, Type 2 Diabetes is a typically progressive disease, patients will have to take tablet from of insulin.

People with central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity are especially at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. Men whose testosterone levels are low have been also found to have a higher risk, another risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes is also greater as we get older.

Gestational Diabetes

This type affects females during pregnancy. And diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes is made during pregnancy. Most patients can control their Diabetes through diet and exercise, while between 10% to 20% of them will need to take medicines. If Gestational Diabetes is undiagnosed or uncontrolled, it can raise the risk of complications during childbirth, the baby may be bigger than he should be. Before becoming pregnant, don’t eat too much animal fat and cholesterol.

Diabetes can cause many complications which can be life-threatening, such as nerve damage, kidney disease, heart disease, peripheral vascular disease and so on.