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4 Tips Help CKD Patients To Avoid Dialysis

2019-04-12 10:56

Avoid Dialysis,CKD1. Treatment of causes

There are many kinds of CKD, which can be roughly divided into two categories. Primary nephropathy includes chronic glomerulonephritis, Nephrotic Syndrome such as membranous nephropathy, IgA Nephritis, mesangial proliferative nephropathy, etc.

Secondary nephropathy includes diabetic nephropathy, hypertensive nephropathy, lupus nephritis, purpura nephritis and so on.

Each type of Kidney Disease has different causes, so when starting treatment, it is necessary to make a clear diagnosis of the cause of disease and carry out treatment. For example, there are many pathological types of nephrotic syndrome-like nephropathy.

It is generally necessary to define the type of nephropathy through renal puncture or other specific detection items, in order to use more effective targeted drugs, including hormones and immunosuppressive agents, and whether additional drugs are needed.

In addition, it is also crucial to judge the impairment of renal function and prognosis of patients.

But some patients are worried about kidney puncture injury, often refuse to adhere to this way, resulting in unclear pathology, blind treatment, can not be targeted treatment, thus delaying the timing of treatment.

2. Symptomatic treatment

The early symptoms of various types of nephropathy are similar. The typical early symptoms of chronic glomerulonephritis are hematuria, proteinuria and edema. Nephrotic syndrome nephropathy is characterized by "three high and one low" symptoms, i.e. massive proteinuria, high edema, hyperlipidemia and hypoproteinemia. Hypertensive nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy are secondary nephropathy, in addition to proteinuria, such symptoms as hypertension, hypertension, diabetic nephropathy The main symptoms of hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia.

Therefore, different pathological types of nephropathy have different main symptoms affecting renal function and prognosis, and need symptomatic treatment.

For example, nephrotic syndrome patients mainly deal with large amounts of proteinuria and hypoproteinemia, they should adhere to hormone and immunosuppressive therapy, while cooperating with low-protein diet for treatment, at the same time, these patients have low immunity, but also need anti-infective treatment.

For hypertensive nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy patients, the first thing to do is to control blood pressure and blood sugar well, to inhibit proteinuria and edema, antihypertensive drugs, antiproteins and Kidney-Protecting drugs need to be taken together, so that the treatment can achieve twice the result with half the effort.

3. Treatment of complications

In addition to proteinuria and other common high-risk symptoms, if the renal function is not stable, leading to deterioration, some patients will have serious complications, especially in the period of renal failure, uremia patients at higher risk.

Common complications such as anemia, hyperkalemia and hyperphosphorus can cause renal osteopathy. On the one hand, these complications will greatly reduce the quality of life of patients, such as those with severe renal osteopathy, walking problems and even need to be wheelchairs. On the other hand, these complications will accelerate renal failure, seriously or directly endanger the lives of patients, and the harm should not be underestimated.

Therefore, after the stage of renal insufficiency, renal friends began to pay attention to the prevention of various complications. If anemia, can check the situation of hemoglobin in advance, if necessary, inject erythropoietin, the main nutritional supplement of daily diet; blood potassium is too high, can take calcium to regulate blood potassium, diuretics to promote potassium ion excretion, pay attention to low potassium diet, avoid potassium-raising drugs, etc.

4. Life style of Health

Adhere to healthy living habits. Diet adheres to low protein, high quality diet, low salt, low fat, low sugar diet, appropriate exercise, do not stay up late, try to quit drinking and smoking, learn to relax.

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