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Basics of Hypertensive Nephropathy

Hypertensive Nephropathy describes a medical condition referring to renal damages due to high blood pressure. Another name for the disease is hypertensive nephrosclerosis or hypertensive renal disease.

How does the disease trigger?

A persistent high blood pressure poses extra pressure on kidneys over times. Hyaline accumulates in the wall of small arteries and then arterioles, thickening the walls of arteries and narrowing its lumen. Consequently, ischemia develops and then tubular atrophy, interstitial fibrosis and glomerular fibrosis occur. Over a very long period of time, significant kidney damages form, which also explains why Hypertensive Nephropathy attacks usually after 5 to 10 years' high blood pressure.

Hypertensive Nephropathy Symptoms

▪ Frequent urination especially at night

▪ Massive proteinuria, foamy urine and edema

▪ Those symptoms including foamy urine and edema are all associated with heavy loss of protein in urine.

▪ Temporal hematuria

▪ Changes of urine color

Urine color in patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy is dark brown.

Hypertensive Nephropathy Complications

▪ High blood pressure

You must be confused about this. Isn't high blood pressure inducing renal disease? How come vice versa? Yes, their relationship is kind of interaction. Hypertension could be able to cause kidney problems called Hypertensive Nephropathy. The other way around, kidney disease induces elevated blood pressure.

▪ Heart disease

Heart attack, heart failure or some other serious heart diseases develops as a complication of Hypertensive Nephropathy; meanwhile, most of the patients with advanced kidney disease die of heart problems instead of renal failure.

▪ Anemia

Healthy kidneys produce red blood cells while damaged ones couldn't. Decreased red blood cells trigger anemia accordingly.

▪ Bone disease

Generally speaking, bone disease develops due to electrolyte disorders. Low levels of calcium and high levels of phosphorus become major culprits of bone disease in cases of Hypertensive Nephropathy.

Hypertensive Nephropathy Treatments

It is pretty clear that if you want to treat Hypertensive Nephropathy, you have to correct hypertension. This is because rise in blood pressure is the root cause of hypertensive renal disease. Other than lowering elevated blood pressure, treating kidney disease also matters.

Hypertensive Nephropathy Prevention

Hypertensive kidney disease, like most other diseases, can be prevented as long as following a proper diet, taking regular physical activity and taking medications that work for your increased BP.