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Basics of Kidney Cysts

Kidney Cysts is round pouches that full of watery fluid growing on kidneys. According to Bosniak Classification, five types can be divided. More often than not, most of the renal cysts are benign, while some are cancerous. Renal cysts are, generally speaking, a type called simple renal cysts. Cause of simple kidney cyst is unknown yet, but it is believed that some kind of kidney disorders may lead to the cysts. Up to 27% of individuals over 50 years old may live with simple renal cysts but with no symptoms. Furthermore, the disease doesn't cause signs or symptoms and requires no treatment.

Kidney Cystss do result in symptoms as it grows up to 10cm diameter. Signs or symptoms include dull pain in back or side, fever, or upper abdominal pain etc.

The disease attacks more commonly in people over 50 years old, the incidence rate can excess 50%. Men are more prone to suffer from the disease than women.

The biggest risk factor of Kidney Cystss is the age, though the disease can occur at any age. Other than risk factors, we could also detect it from its imaging tests and kidney function tests in more accurate way. Imaging tests are often done to help the doctor determine whether the mass on kidneys is a cyst or tumor. Urinalysis or blood tests help estimate current kidney function.

Complications of Kidney Cysts are including infected cysts, urine obstruction or burst cysts. When renal cyst gets infected, the patients often feel fever or pain in kidney area. Burst cysts cause more severe pain. Hydronephrosis develops as a result of urinary tract obstruction.

Treatments are often not required as no symptom appear. But if declined kidney function or severe pain develops, immediate measurements should be taken. Puncturing or surgery to deal with the problems is adopted under such circumstances.

Prognosis of Kidney Cysts is usually good, but still needs serious preventing measures.