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Knowing about your condition well

No matter what kind of kidney disease you are suffering from, you can find the useful information about your condition, like its natural and efficient treatment and how to live well with it.

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Renal Failure

Renal Failure is divided into Acute Renal Failure and Chronic Renal Failure. Acute Renal Failure may be reversible, if you are otherwise in good health, you may recover normal kidney function. Compared to Acute Renal Failure, Chronic Renal Failure is difficult to be reversed, for much kidney function has been lost. People with Renal Failure will choose dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Patients with Renal Failure may suffer from swelling, proteinuria, anemia, high creatinine, high blood pressure, poor appetite and other symptoms.

If Renal Failure can not be treated in time, complications may occur, such as nerve system problems, digestive system problems, and problems on cardiovascular system, respiratory system and so on. These complications can make patients bear more sufferings, and some of them can be life-threatening.

A healthy diet can help control the progress and many symptoms of Renal Failure. Following the healthy Renal Failure diet can decrease the waste made by your body and make your kidneys work better. Generally speaking, patients should have a low-protein, low-salt diet and limit water intake.

As to the treatment, Renal Failure patients are familiar with dialysis and kidney transplant. Dialysis can help patients eliminate the waste and toxins, it just can maintain patients' lives to some extent, it can not treat Renal Failure; Though kidney transplant can help patients get rid of dialysis and can live a longer life, patients have to worry about the relapse, which is more and more common in the clinical; Immunotherapy is such a therapy which aims to repair the damaged kidneys and enhance the kidney function and rebuild the innate immune system of human body.

Renal Failure Basics | Renal Failure Diagnosis | Renal Failure Symptoms
Renal Failure Treatment | Renal Failure Diet | Renal Failure Complications

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Diabetes

Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, means a group of metabolic diseases in which people have high blood sugar. Polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia and weight loss are the common symptoms of Diabetes. There are three types of Diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes.

What really is fearful is not Diabetes itself, but its complications. After several years of having Diabetes, some complications may occur. Some of them even can be life-threatening. The common complications of Diabetes include cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, nerve disease, eye disease, infections and so on.

If you have Diabetes or prediabetes, a healthy diet can help you control your blood sugar level and keep it within a safe range and manage your weight. Heart-healthy fish, "good fats", fiber-rich foods and healthy carbohydrates are the foods we recommend; sodium, trans fats, cholesterol and saturated fats are the foods diabetics should avoid.

The aim of Diabetes treatment is to keep blood sugar as much as possible. Treatment should be agreed on an individual basis and deal with medical, psychosocial and lifestyle issues. There are several aspects diabetics should pay attention to: balance insulin intake with food and lifestyle, checking blood sugar levels, prevent blood sugar fluctuating too much, prevent developing cardiovascular disease, stop smoking and so on.

Diabetics usually ignore the importance of Chinese herbal medicine on treating Diabetes. Chinese herbal medicine can expand blood vessels and promote blood circulation, which has a real effect on blood pressure and blood sugar control.

Diabetes Basics | Diabetes Diagnosis | Diabetes Symptoms
Diabetes Treatment | Diabetes Diet | Diabetes Complications

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Chronic Allograft Nephropathy

Chronic Allograft Nephropathy, abbreviated CAN, is characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function after the transplantation. CAN happens month to years after the transplantation is done.

The exact cause of this disease is unknown until now. But clinically, we could tell by some of its symptoms, such as slowly declined kidney function, accompanied with progressive proteinuria and high blood pressure. The result of Chronic Allograft Nephropathy is renal ischemia, hypertension, tubular atrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and glomerular atrophy with Renal Failure.

Risk factors

▪ Immunological factor

Barely satisfactory match of human leukocyte antigen is regarded as one of the most vital risk factors affecting further transplanted kidney function.

▪ Quality of transplanted kidney

Age, gender, physical health and DGF (delayed graft function), brain dead, the kidney's preservation and many some other factors could possibly affect the quality of transplanted kidney and of course, determines the CAN in some extent.

▪ Non-immunological factors

Application of nerve calcium protein antagonist

Cytomegalovirus infection

High blood fat

High blood pressure

proteinuria

Prognosis

The prognosis of Chronic Allograft Nephropathy is hard to manage since the occurrence of CAN indicates irreversible renal damages. The treatments could just protect remaining nephrons as much as possible, but couldn't correct the condition as it becomes.

Prevention

Improve the quality of kidneys

Minimize the match mistakes of human leukocyte antigen between donor and recipient

Closely monitor acute rejection and deliver timely treatment

Keep an eye open for the infections

Take good control of high blood pressure and high blood fat

Limit the consumption of high protein foods

Deal with proteinuria as early as possible

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Diabetic Nephropathy

Diabetic Nephropathy, also known as Kimmelstiel-Wilson disease, attacks as one of the most serious complication in people with Diabetes.

Causes

The exact cause of Diabetic Nephropathy is unknown until now. However, high levels of blood sugar lead to kidney problems. Some risk factors also play a role during the attacking of DN. Those risk factors can be family history, unhealthy lifestyle and certain ethnicity.

Symptoms

It usually takes 5-10 years before any of the signs or symptoms show up. Loss of appetite, fatigue or swelling etc. may occur.

Lab tests

Know about your family history and running regular physical examinations matter since it could help you alert Diabetic Nephropathy. Lab tests should be done to make a diagnosis. More often than not, microalbuminuria will be tested. BUN, Scr, 24-hour urine protein, electrolyte measurement, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and renal biopsy etc. are usually done.

Treatments

The goal of western medicines is to keep the illness condition from getting worse over time. Blood pressure and blood sugar are the most essential indexes during the treatment of Diabetic Nephropathy. Taking medications and eating low-fat, low-salt foods and getting regular exercise can greatly help the disease from progressing.

Of course, educating yourself about basic steps or knowledge of Diabetes and DN helps a lot.

Prognosis

Diabetic Nephropathy can be controlled or slowed down in the initial stage of the disease. But poorly controlled blood sugar or massive proteinuria indicates a poor prognosis. Other than kidney disease, Diabetes results in many other serious conditions such as amputation, cardiovascular disease or heart problems etc.

Diabetic Nephropathy Basics | Diabetic Nephropathy Diagnosis | Diabetic Nephropathy Symptoms | Diabetic Nephropathy Treatment | Diabetic Nephropathy Diet | Diabetic Nephropathy Complications

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Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a progressive loss in kidney function over a period of months or years. CKD can be divided into five stages according to the level of GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate).

If you have any of the conditions like Type 1 or 2 Diabetes, high blood pressure, SLE, heart disease, high cholesterol, vesicoureteral reflux, reflux, a family history of kidney disease and so on, you are at higher risk of developing CKD.

The symptoms of CKD include swelling, frequent urination, proteinuria, high blood pressure, poor appetite, nausea and vomiting, bone pain, chest pain, sleeping problems, decreased sexual interest and erectile dysfunction and do on.

With the condition becoming more and more severe, many complications of CKD may occur, such as anemia, fluid retention, acidosis, bone disease, End-Stage Renal Failure, pericarriages, decreased sex drive or impotence and so on.

A healthy diet for Chronic Kidney Disease is essential to slowing progression of CKD. Diet control is regarded as the most natural treatment. However, it just a complementary therapy. To say it briefly, patients with CKD should pay attention to protein restriction, salt restriction, potassium restriction and phosphorus restriction.

At stage of CKD 1-3, the illness condition is possible to be reversed, if people can take the early treatment and keep a healthy diet. However, in general, there are no obvious symptoms at the early stage of disease, or because of the limited diagnostic facilities, the condition is easy to be delayed. Once it develops into stage 4 CKD and stage 5 CKD, it will be difficult to be reversed. At this time, most people will choose dialysis or a kidney transplant.

As to the treatment of CKD, the treatment options patients will be faced with are medical treatment, dialysis, kidney transplant and Immunotherapy.

CKD Basics | CKD Diagnosis | CKD Symptoms | CKD Treatment | CKD Diet | CKD Complications

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Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis(FSGS)

Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis(FSGS) is a kind of disease that the glomeruli has been damaged. FSGS affects both adults and children. Men and boys are affected slightly more often than women and girls, and it also occurs more often in African Americans.

Inherited genetic problems, heroin use, HIV, reflux nephropathy, sickle cell disease, obesity and other factors can cause FSGS. Proteinuria, poor appetite, swelling, blood in urine, hyperlipemia, weight gain are the common symptoms of FSGS.

Nephrotic Syndrome, Chronic Kidney Failure, malnutrition, thrombus and embolism, infections are the common complications of FSGS. So, not only FSGS itself also its complications torture patients a lot.

FSGS develops fast and it may develop into Renal Failure within 1-2 years if the condition can not be controlled well. A healthy diet can slow the progressing of the condition to some extent. Low-protein and low salt diets should be the basic requirements for diet. Besides, FSGS patients should limit foods containing much oil, animal fat or cholesterol and forbid cigarette and alcohol.

Before FSGS develops Renal Failure, patients are usually treated with the healthy diets and medicines, however, it seems that Renal Failure still can come. When the condition develops Renal Failure, the treatment options will be dialysis, kidney transplant and Immunotherapy.

FSGS Basics | FSGS Diagnosis | FSGS Symptoms | FSGS Diet | FSGS Treatment | FSGS Complications

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Polycystic Kidney Disease

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a kind of inherited diseases and characterized by numerous cysts with different sizes. Apart from the Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) and Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD) the two common types, Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease is another type of PKD.

The factors causing PKD include congenital dysontogenesis or genic mutation, toxins, infections, diet and lifestyle, too much psychological pressure or bad mood and so on. Even though a person carries cyst gene, he may never know he is a potential PKD patient, different people have different speed of growth of cysts, which is related to the factors we mentioned above.

High blood pressure, blood in urine, proteinuria, bump and back pain are the common symptoms of PKD. If the condition can not be controlled well, some complications like Kidney Failure, cysts in other parts of the body, high blood pressure, heart valve abnormalities, aneurysm of an artery in the brain and so on.

A kidney support diet is generally considered the best natural treatment for PKD. A well planned diet can slow the condition progress and control the symptoms of PKD. Low salt low protein and low fat are the basic requirements for diets.

As to the treatment, patients with PKD may have heard of renal cyst decortication and paracentesis. They belong to operations which have high-risk and a few limitations. Don't they have another choice but choose dialysis or kidney transplant, when the condition develops Renal Failure? We don't think so.

Polcystic Kidney Disease Basics | Polcystic Kidney Disease Diagnosis | Polcystic Kidney Disease Symptoms | Polcystic Kidney Disease Diet | Polcystic Kidney Disease Treatment | Polcystic Kidney Disease Complications

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Lupus Nephritis

Lupus Nephritis is a complication of SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus). Talking about the cause of Lupus Nephritis, SLE has to be mentioned. Lupus (another name for SLE) is an autoimmune disease, meaning one's immune system gets problems and induces the disease. Under normal circumstance, immune system helps us fight against foreign matters or harmful substances. But when one suffers from autoimmune disease, their immune system turns against the body instead. As a result, the system attacks healthy cells or tissues, when it strikes kidneys, lupus glomerular disease forms accordingly.

Symptoms of Lupus Nephritis are:

Blood in urine

Foamy urine due to protein leakage

Elevated blood pressure

Swelling of ankles, legs, eyes or feet

Lab tests for the disease

Urinalysis

Blood tests

Lab tests for antibodies

Exams and tests for complement levels

Renal biopsy

Current treatments for Lupus Nephritis

Immunosuppressants

Cytotoxic agent

hormonotherapy

Injection of immunoglobulin

Blood pressure medications

Diet and lifestyle modification

Dialysis

Kidney transplantation

Complications

Acute Renal Failure

Chronic Renal Failure

ESRD

Nephrotic Syndrome

Expectations

The prognosis of this disease depends on its specific form. Of course, treatments and physical condition all matter.

Prevention

There's no prevention for Lupus Nephritis since the exact cause of SLE is still unknown yet.

Lupus Nephritis Basics | Lupus Nephritis Diagnosis | Lupus Nephritis Symptoms | Lupus Nephritis Diet | Lupus Nephritis Treatment | Lupus Nephritis Complications

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Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic Syndrome forms due to damages of clusters of tiny blood vessels called glomeruli. Glomeruli filter blood and separate good things as well as bad ones. Healthy glomeruli prevent protein from leaking so as to maintain adequate amount of fluid in one's body. However, injured glomeruli usually fail to function well leading to the massive protein leakage called Nephrotic Syndrome.

Causes

The disease is caused by diverse disorders that injure glomerular basilar membrane. In children, minimal change disease forms commonly; while membranous nephropathy develops in adults in most cases. Other than these, infection, cancer, immune disorders, diabetes, high blood pressure or SLE could all induce Nephrotic Syndrome.

Signs and symptoms

Protein in urine (more than 3.5g per day), swelling, low levels of protein, high levels of cholesterol and high blood pressure are the typical symptoms of Nephrotic Syndrome.

Certain exams or tests would be done to evaluate how your kidneys function; those lab tests include creatinine, BUN, creatinine clearance, urinalysis or renal biopsy etc.

Treatments for the disease aim at relieving symptoms, dealing with complications. Taking good control of your blood pressure matters, around 130/80mmHg may be perfect. Certain medications would be adopted so as to lower high blood pressure such as ACEI or ARBs etc. Hormonotherapy, diet and physical activity are other major treatments.

Outlook

Prognosis of the disease depends on not only the treatments, but also how well the patients respond. Additionally, complications and primary cause of Nephrotic Syndrome all affect the outcome.

Nephrotic Syndrome Basics | Nephrotic Syndrome Diagnosis | Nephrotic Syndrome Symptoms | Nephrotic Syndrome Diet | Nephrotic Syndrome Treatment | Nephrotic Syndrome Complications

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IgA Nephropathy

IgA Nephropathy (IgAN), also called Berger's Disease, is a kidney disorder that attacks when IgA—a protein is supposed to help the body fight against infections—lodges in kidneys instead. The IgA deposition in the kidneys hampers kidneys' ability to filter waste, excess water and electrolytes from blood. Over time, blood and protein in urine develop as a result of this disease.

No clear cause accounts for this disease, so it is hard to prevent. For those with a family history, serious prevention should be done since it can be genetic. See all the risk factors above to determine if you are at high risk. Other than family history, healthy lifestyle is encouraged by us. Eating right and living healthy can help take care of your kidneys.

It usually takes 10 to 20 years to show any signs or symptoms, meaning the disease progresses slowly and can be undetected over several years. Some of the patients do get a remission eventually, while others develop advanced kidney disease and may end with ESRD.

The goal of therapies for IgA Nephropathy aims at relieving symptoms and treating complications. What's more, progression could possibly slowed by proper as well as effective treatments. Hormonotherapy, anti-hypertensive drugs and diet changes actually help treat the disease.

The prognosis of IgA Nephropathy depends on many other factors such as treatments, physical condition, age, blood pressure and gross albuminuria etc.

IGA Nephropathy Basics | IGA Nephropathy Diagnosis | IGA Nephropathy Symptoms | IGA Nephropathy Diet | IGA Nephropathy Treatment | IGA Nephropathy Complications

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Purpura Nephritis

Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Nephritis describes a medical condition caused by Henoch-Schönlein Purpura. The renal involvement attacks within 4-6 weeks of the initial purpura presentation. The disease is a systemic immune-complex mediated disease and is often characterized by asymptomatic hematuria and proteinuria. It could lead to Chronic Renal Failure or even ESRD, for this reason, immediate treatment should be adopted. In cases of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Nephritis, IgA-binding M proteins are found.

Symptoms

Signs or symptoms of the disease are asymptomatic hematurie, proteinuria, declined kidney function and high blood pressure.

Diagnosis

Lab tests for Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Nephritis are conventional tests and special lab tests. Special lab tests for HSPN contain exams of allergens, immunoglobulin and renal damages etc.

Accordingly to data collected, around 1-2% of all Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Nephritis patients would develop CKD (chronic kidney disease) in the end. There stands a chance for those patients with HSPN progress to Renal Failure or ESRD making dialysis or kidney transplantation evitable.

Treatments

Firstly, to make clinical classification clear matters. There are five classifications from isolated hematuria or proteinuria to rapid progressive nephritis. Different classification requires diverse treatment plan. For this reason, figuring out those clinical classifications helps a lot.

Secondly, horonotherapy

This disease, sometimes, has self-limiting, for instance, isolated proteinuria or hematuria could get remission within 3-6 months, for this kind of patients, hormonotherapy is not recommended. But for those with persistent albuminuria, the application of hormonotherapy should be adopted.

Thirdly, immunosuppressants

Compared with hormonotherapy, immunosuppressants take effect a little bit slowly, but have significant effects on reducing blood in urine.

Prevention

Intervention to shorten the duration of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura helps prevent the occurrence of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Nephritis. however, still no effective therapy could do that job.

Purpura Nephritis Basics | Purpura Nephritis Diagnosis | Purpura Nephritis Symptoms | Purpura Nephritis Diet | Purpura Nephritis Treatment | Purpura Nephritis Complications

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Kidney Cysts

Kidney cysts are round pouches of fluid that form in the kidneys. Kidney cysts can be associated with severe disorders which may impair kidney function. There are no symptoms at the early stage. When the diameter of cysts is more than 10cm, symptoms such as blood in urine, abdominal mass, waist pain, proteinuria, high blood pressure may occur.

Some people have one or more kidney cysts at birth. In other cases, a renal cyst develops because of an obstruction somewhere in the kidney. Vascular disease and lymphatic obstructions can both stimulate the development of a kidney cyst. Patients can also have a condition called Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD), a kind of hereditary disease in which numerous cysts develop in the kidneys, causing damage to the kidneys and surrounding organs.

Simple kidney cysts are very common as people begin to age, people who are more than 50 years of age have at least one kidney cyst. Most people have a cyst in only one kidney, but the number of cysts and the risk of getting cysts in another kidney increase as people get older. Simple kidney cysts are almost always harmless. However, some complications of kidney cysts have the possibility to occur, such as urine obstruction, kidney stone, cysts cancerization, high blood pressure and Renal Failure and so on.

Simple kidney cysts can not be prevented. You can reduce the risk through drinking much water and making sure you take less than 2,300 mg of sodium a day.

Kidney Cysts Basics | Kidney Cysts Diagnosis | Kidney Cysts Symptoms | Kidney Cysts Diet | Kidney Cysts Treatment | Kidney Cysts Complications

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Hypertensive Nephropathy

Hypertensive Nephropathy is a disease of the kidneys. The vasculature of the kidneys is damaged with an increase in blood pressure. There are two types of Hypertensive Nephropathy including benign nephrosclerosis and malignant nephrosclerosis.

As the name suggests, the benign nephrosclerosis will rarely result in Renal Failure. With modern therapy, 75% of patients with malignant nephrosclerosi are able to survive more than five years from the onset of disease.

In advanced stage of Hypertensive Nephropathy, complications such as cerebrovascular accident, coronary heart disease, renal arteriosclerosis and Renal Failure may appear. And some of them can be deadly, which should arouse patients' enough attention. While a healthy diet can help people maintain the stability of blood pressure, slow the progression of the disease and prevent the complications occurring. Patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy should eat the right amount of protein according to the situation of kidney function. The amount of protein can not be neither too much nor too little. Also they should limit the salt intake, which can not only lower blood pressure also reduce the sodium-water retention in the body. Drinking right amount of tea is also a good choice for Hypertensive Nephropathy patients.

As to the treatment for Hypertensive Nephropathy, control of hypertension is central to the management of both benign and malignant forms of the disease. Patients will take the antihypertension medications and keep healthy diets to control the blood pressure. Besides the western medicines, Chinese herbal medicine also has an effect on lowering the blood pressure through expanding the blood vessels and promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. And the Chinese herbal medicines have little side effects for they come from the nature. Dialysis and kidney transplant will be their choices when the condition develops into Renal Failure.

Hypertensive Nephropathy Basics | Hypertensive Nephropathy Diagnosis | Hypertensive Nephropathy Symptoms | Hypertensive Nephropathy Diet | Hypertensive Nephropathy Treatment | Hypertensive Nephropathy Complications