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Urine Cast Should Be Paid More Attention By Kidney Patients

2018-11-19 11:10

To most kidney patients they often have a urine routine test and there are no casts in normal urine, or a few transparent casts are occasionally seen. The appearance of casts in urine, especially granular casts and cellular casts, is a sign of renal parenchymal lesions and is of great significance for diagnosis.

Transparent cast: When the kidney has slight or temporary functional changes, such as strenuous exercise, high fever and cardiac insufficiency, a small amount of transparent cast can be seen in urine. When the kidney has a substantial lesion, a large amount of transparent cast can be seen.

Erythrocyte casts: It can be seen in acute glomerulonephritis, acute tubular necrosis, renal hemorrhage and acute rejection of renal transplantation.

White blood cell casts: It can be seen in kidney with purulent inflammation, such as acute pyelonephritis and interstitial nephritis.

Granular cast : It can be seen in organic renal diseases, such as chronic nephritis and renal tubular injury caused by drug poisoning.

Waxy cast : It can be seen in severe glomerulonephritis and late chronic nephritis, and its appearance indicates a long-term and serious pathological change in the kidney.

Fat cast: It is a product of fatty degeneration of renal epithelial cells and is found in chronic nephritis and lipoid nephropathy.

Urine routine is a simple and easy inspection and the price is also very low, but it provides us with a lot of information and should be used well.

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Tag: Cast Transparent cast Erythrocyte casts Urine routine

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