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Top Five Risk Factors Accounting for ESRD

2012-09-11 11:53

Plenty of causes are responsible for the occurrence of ESRD (End-stage Renal Disease), and thus make whatever dialysis or kidney transplantation inevitable. Actually, most of the inducing factors can be avoided. Scroll down to find out what are those risk factors and how to dodge uremia.

Top No. 1—Diabetes

Before explain why, let’s take a look at a set of figures here.

Data from the 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet (released Jan. 26, 2011), 25.8 million children and adults in USA have Diabetes Mellitus. Among them, 18.8 million people are diagnosed already, while others are still unknown. About 40% of people with Type 1 Diabetes develop to End-stage Renal Disease by their age of 50 while those with Type 2, no less than 80% of them suffer from ESRD in African and Native Americans. How scary, isn’t it?

How to prevent it?

Know if you are at high risk beforehanded. If not, good, keep it up and live healthy. If do, don’t lose heart and really do something actively, for example, check blood sugar regularly, lose weight if you are way too fat, take good care of your blood pressure even you don’t have a high blood pressure, things of that sort.

Top No. 2—High Blood Pressure

Every year, high blood pressure causes no less than 25,000 new cases of kidney failure in the United States. If people with Kidney Failure induced by hypertension still fail to control their blood pressure, ESRD will be the ultimate result.

People with a family history of hypertension are more easily to develop the disease and of course, live with a higher risk of kidney problem. Other than family history, long-standing salty diet contributes to the occurrence of elevated blood pressure.

Top No. 3—diverse kidney problems

Almost all the chronic or acute kidney diseases lead to End-stage Renal Disease in the last. Among all those kidney problems, chronic glomerulonephritis comes first, which accounts for more than 55.7% of uremia cases.

Taking moderate exercises, enhancing your immunity, reducing the incidence of suffering from upper respiratory tract infection, sphagitis, amygdalitis, performing physical examination regularly, taking good control of your blood sugar and blood pressure all help prevent the happening of glomerulonephritis.

Top No. 4—urinary tract infections

Recurrent urinary tract infections contribute to chronic pyelonephritis; meanwhile, persistent chronic pyelonephritis results in ESRD. Therefore, it is very necessary to stay away from urinary tract infections.

Suggestions to prevent it in your daily lives are:

Consuming adequate fluids and urinating frequently help.

Don’t consume way too much food high in sugar.

Acidic foods affect pH value in urine, and are also conducive to bacteria growth making one is more prone to suffer from urinary tract infections. Therefore, certain foods should be avoided such as beef, pork, shrimp, rice, peanuts, barley, beer, things of that sort.

Top No. 5—nephrotoxic drugs

Apart from UTI, nephrotoxic drugs help double the risks. It is said that around 25% of ESRD patients are somehow associated with nephrotoxic medications.



Chemotherapeutic drugs

Contrast agent

Anticancer drugs

Complexing agent



Not just western medicines, traditional Chinese medicines are proved to have nephrotoxin. Sometimes, even with caution, renal damages coming from medications can’t be prevented completely, but the following measures may help you dodge as much as possible:

Patients with chronic diseases are often asked to take drugs unremitted, so they are easier to get their kidneys hurt. Ask a nephrologists if necessary.

Rich-experienced nephrologists could help you avoid the possible renal damages.

Any kidney problems? Please consult our online doctor. The satisfaction of patient is as high as 93%.

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