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Know about Kidney Disease

2012-09-11 11:55

Since we have already realized how your kidneys work (fail to read it? Don’t miss: How your kidneys work), today we are going to learn some basic knowledge about kidney disease.

Before anything, let’s take a quick glance at the current situation about kidney problems. Twenty-six million Americans have Chronic Kidney Disease, one type of the kidney disease, but overwhelming majority still doesn’t realize how serious the problem is. Although medical profession is trying harder in recent years to communicate better with kidney disease patients, but clearly that’s not enough.

Kidney disease is a general term describing a declined kidney function. It can be caused by many other factors such as diabetes or high blood pressure. The usual lack of symptoms when kidney disease progresses is especially critical for patients to understand. Another thing requires their attention is foamy urine can be a sign of poor kidney function.

Kidney disease can be divided into two major types—acute or Chronic Kidney Disease. Acute one attacks suddenly and usually needs immediate treatments, while Chronic Kidney Disease develops progressively over time without even being noticed in the initial stage. today, we will focus on the chronic one since it attack more common and serious to one’s health. Several causes account for the occurrence of kidney disease, they are:


Diabetes is a metabolic disorder affecting the whole body. The disease affects systemic tiny blood vessels and also leads to high blood sugar. Consequently, diabetic nephropathy forms. Diabetes Mellitus has become the leading cause resulting in kidney disease throughout the world.

High blood pressure

Hypertension is closely followed Diabetes and becomes the second leading cause accounting for CKD. The elevated blood pressure requires to be controlled well since it could lead to many other serious health problems.


Glomerulonephritis, just as its name denotes, develops due to the inflammation of glomeruli—the filtering unit. The disease could occur suddenly or slowly, and needs timely as well proper treatments so as to prevent permanent loss of kidney function.


PKD is the abbreviation of polycystic kidney disease, in which is the most common genetic kidney disease. In patients with PKD, a cluster of cysts grow in kidneys and become larger and larger. Consequently, kidney failure occurs in the end.

Other causes include nephropyelitis, nephrotoxic drugs or heavy metal etc.

Signs or symptoms of kidney disease

The disease appears no symptoms at all in the initial stage, but over time, some typical symptoms do show up as wake-up call for the patients.

Frequent urination especially at night


Foamy urine

Swelling in eyelids, face, hands, feet or ankles etc.

Loss of appetite

Results of failed kidneys

Dialysis and kidney transplantation will be needed if kidneys fail completely. The former one aims at outsourcing kidney function, while the latter one is prone to deal with the problem one-for-all. None of these approaches are easy for kidney disease patients.

Points to remember

Instead of being stuck with dialysis for the rest of your lives, or waiting for kidney transplantation for 5-10 years, none of these treatments are optimal choices. If the awareness is raised early, and effective prevention measures are done beforehanded, the following sufferings can be avoided.

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