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Three Simple Tests to Check for Your Kidney Disease

2012-09-11 13:47

Kidney disease, although lack of the notoriety of heart disease and cancer, it is one of the biggest killers throughout the whole world. it is reported that 16.8 of all adults above the age of 20 have chronic kidney disease, over 31 million American adults have kidney problems and others are at increased high risk of getting it. Early detection and prevention could help dodge the disease. Here are three simple tests that could help you diagnose.

▪ The first test is urinalysis.

Routine urine test is usually done to tell the condition of your kidneys.

Protein in urine can be the very first sign of impaired kidneys prior to any other indexes. Protein should have been left under normal circumstances, but would leak out once kidneys get damaged. At first, small amount of protein loss develops called microalbuminuria; massive proteinuria loss shows up as kidney function deteriorated over time. Therefore, the protein in urine would be measured as one vital index for kidney function. Other than this, albumin-to-creatinine ratio, a more sensitive test for albumin in urine, will be done.

▪ The second is GFR.

GFR measures how effectively your kidneys function. The test alone couldn’t tell how well your kidneys work, but add to many other factors such as gender, age, things of that sort. A normal creatinine level is around 0.6-1.2mg/dL (the value varies along with age and gender), but a value lower than that indicates some kind of kidney problems.

eGFR is another approach used to determine one’s kidney function.

▪ Last but not the least, blood pressure

High blood pressure is the second leading cause resulting in kidney disease. A long-term hypertension would probably lead to kidney problems; therefore, taking good control of high blood pressure means a lot to occurrence and progression of kidney disease.

120/80 would be perfect, if can’t, 130/85 is okay. Lifestyle modifications, dietary habit changes, or medications, whatever you use, lowering your high blood pressure is one of the most important things to do.

Other than these three simple tests, BUN (blood urea nitrogen), kidney imaging or renal biopsy may be done to confirm the diagnosis.

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