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The Principles Of Diet For Uremia Patients

2018-10-12 14:46

To the patients with uremia they must pay more attention to their diet,then you should know some principles of diet in Uremia:

First, To the patients in dialysis:

The patients in the stage should no longer restrict protein intake too strictly. On the one hand, dialysis replaces the excretion function of the kidney, and on the other hand, dialysis itself is a process of consuming and losing protein. Therefore, the protein in the diet of hemodialysis patients should be maintained at 1.0 – 1.2g per kilogram of body weight per day, and the patients with peritoneal dialysis should be maintained at 1.2 – 1.5g per day.

Second, the general Uremia diet should pay attention to ensuring the energy intake. If the protein intake is insufficient, it will lead to the decomposition of myofibrils and the reduction of muscles. If both protein and calorie intake are insufficient, in order to ensure the energy supply of important organs of the body, protein synthesis will be reduced and myoprotein decomposition will be increased, and serum creatinine will be increased even more.

Third, uremia patients who have not undergone dialysis treatment should be given a high-quality low-protein diet, on the one hand, it can alleviate the symptoms of uremia, and on the other hand, can prolong the progressive deterioration of renal function during slow Renal failure. It is generally believed that the daily protein intake of 0.5g per kilogram of body weight can maintain the nitrogen balance of patients. If essential amino acids are supplemented at the same time, the protein may be limited to a lower level.

Four, uremia diet should pay attention to the following points:

1. Those who have less urine should limit the intake of water and sodium salt. Generally, the amount of salt is less than 3 grams per day. In case of obvious edema, hypertension and heart failure, water and sodium intake should be strictly controlled, generally less than 1g to 2g per day.

2, according to the blood potassium level and urine volume control potassium intake, make it below 2.5 grams per day, have urine every row of 1000 ml of urine, can increase the potassium intake of 1 gram.

3, daily supplement calcium 1.2 ~ 1.5g, daily phosphorus intake control in 0.9 ~ 1.2g. Attention should be paid to supplying foods rich in vitamin B and C, and zinc and iron should also be appropriately supplemented.

From the comments above you can know exactly the diet of uremia patients,and if you have other any questions about uremia please contact us through the following:

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Tag: uremia Dialysis Intake of water Sodium salt Supplement calcium

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