Can Patients with ESRD Eat Oranges
Can patients with ESRD eat oranges? ESRD is the last stage of kidney disease, most severe. At this stage, the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) level is less than 15. In general, dialysis and kidney transplant will be their choices. Patients with ESRD should have a strict control on diet, now we will see whether can patients with ESRD eat oranges.
Oranges contains rich proteins, organic acid, vitamin and the essential elements for human body such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and sodium. Now that oranges have the high nutritional value, whether can patients with ESRD eat oranges?
For patients with ESRD, the hyperkalemia is a common symptom. The accumulation of potassium in the body can cause the myasthenia, and the heart failure may happen if the condition is severe. For ESRD patients, the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) level and the function of kidney tubules decline, the ability of discharging potassium is poor, if patients take the high-potassium foods, it is easy to cause bradycardia and even the sudden heart arrest. So patients with ESRD should limit the intake of potassium. While oranges contain much potassium, once the serum kalium level increases, it could be fatal. So patients with ESRD are not advised to eat oranges.
In addition to oranges, other fruits containing much potassium such as banana, tomato, jeruk, mango, persimmon and grapefruit and so on should be avoided. Vegetables like broccoli, spinach, mushrooms, agaric and so on contain high potassium and should be limited by ESRD patients.
Though the reasonable diet can play a helping role and slow the development role to some extent, a real treatment which can help patients with ESRD repair kidney damage and enhance kidney function is really needed.