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Renal Failure, Kidney Failure
Main > Kidney Disease > Renal Failure
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Basic knowledge of Renal Failure

Renal Failure is divided into Acute Renal Failure and Chronic Renal Failure. The following information is about the basics of Renal Failure, and we hope some parts of it can help you.

Acute Renal Failure

What is Acute Renal Failure?

Acute Renal Failure means your kidneys suddenly become unable to filter the waste products from your blood. When your kidneys stop working, waste products, fluids build up in your body. This can cause problems which can be deadly.

What causes Acute Renal Failure?

1. Heavy blood loss, an injury, or a bad infection called sepsis can reduce blood flow to the kidneys; dehydration also can harm the kidneys.

2. Damage from some medicines, poisons or infections. Examples of medicines that can sometimes harm the kidneys include gentamicin and streptomycin, ACE inhibitors, the dyes used in some X-ray tests.

3. Kidney stones, a tumor or an enlarged prostate gland can cause a sudden blockage that stops urine flowing out of kidneys.

You have a greater chance of getting Acute Renal Failure if (1) you have long-term Diabetes, high blood pressure, heart failure or obesity; (2) you are already very ill and are in the hospital; (3) you have done a heart or belly surgery or a bone marrow transplant; (4) you are an older adult.

Acute Renal Failure may be reversible. If you are otherwise in good health, you may recover normal kidney function.

Chronic Renal Failure

Compared to Acute Renal Failure, Chronic Renal Failure means the kidneys are unable to work normally any more with the illness condition becoming worse and worse.

Chronic Renal Failure is difficult to be reversed, for much kidney function has been lost. Most patients with Renal Failure will choose dialysis treatment or a kidney transplant.