Kidney Transplant2012-09-11 14:06
A kidney transplant is an operation that replaces the failed kidneys with a working kidneys from another person, called a donor. Because of a shortage of donor kidneys, only a small percentage of people who need a transplant actually receive a kidney each year, the wait for a new kidney can take years. Not all the patients are suitable to receive a kidney transplant, patients who have severe infections or heart, lung diseases are not advised to do this operation.
The healthy kidney is transported in cool salt water that preserves the organ for about 48 hours, which provides time to perform tests that match the donor’s and recipient’s blood and tissue before the operation.
During surgery, the donor kidney will be placed in your lower abdomen, blood vessels from the donor kidney will be connected to arteries and veins in your body, and the ureter from the donor kidney will be connected to your bladder. In general, the new kidney will start making urine as soon as your blood starts flowing through it, but sometimes it takes a few weeks to start working. Kidney transplant surgery takes about 3 hours.
The risk of having a kidney transplant include:
●Reaction to the anesthesia used for surgery
●Rejection of the new kidney
●Failure of the donor kidney
Kidney transplant can help Renal Failure patients or Uremia patients avoid or get rid of dialysis, and some patients who receive kidney transplant can live a normal life. But kidney transplant is not a complete cure. No one can guarantee the operation will be 100% successful. In the clinical, we can often see patients receiving kidney transplant go back to dialysis treatment or receive another kidney transplant after a period of time. Patients will find their creatinine level becomes higher and higher, and they are wondering why the new kidney gets “ill”.
The root cause that causes kidney diseases is the abnormal innate immune system of human body. When the bacteria or virus invades the human body, the abnormal innate immune system can not remove the immune complexes which is produced by the combination of antibody and antigen out of body, some immune complexes will build up in the kidney area, which causes the ultra immune inflammatory reaction. So kidney damage appears.
Kidney transplant just puts a new kidney into the body, however it does not do anything to improve the innate immune system. Moreover, the anti-rejection drugs patients who receive kidney transplant have to take for the rest of their lives can destroy the innate immune system further. So once patients get infections, even a cold, a new round of ultra immune inflammatory reaction happens.
Different people have different situations, some people can live a normal life after a kidney transplant, while some have to face the new kidney gets damaged.
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