Lifespan for Patients after Kidney Transplant2012-12-03 17:17
Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure to remove a healthy kidney from living or brain-dead donor and implant it into a patient with damaged kidneys.
Lifespan for patients after kidney transplantation:
95-96% of them can live one year after the transplantation. 91% of them could live three years post-transplant. Cadaver kidneys have a shorter survival rate (63%) in five years than those from living donors (76%).
Some detailed factors that may affect patients with kidney transplantation and are closely associated with their lifespan. If you can avoid these factors, then there stands a possibility to live long.
Too more or too less immunosuppressants contribute to the shortened lifespan in patients with kidney transplantation. The side effects coming from those immunosuppressants drugs also lead to a short life expectancy.
Acute or chronic rejection
Acute or chronic rejection becomes one important factor affecting patients’ lifespan. Also, it is the reason accounting for chronic allograft nephropathy.
The second kidney transplantation
It reveals that the survival rate of second kidney transplantation is 10-15% lower than the first transplantation. The more times the transplant is, the shorter the lifespan will be.
HLA match is closely associated with patients’ lifespan. Besides, this has been proved by statistics collected by China and Japan. The better the match is, the longer the patients can live. Statistics reveals that survival rate can be improved about 6-10% within one year, while 10-20% of survival rate in 5 to 10 years.
Other factors could also affect lifespan of patients with kidney transplantation, for instance, high blood pressure or hyperlipemia etc. High blood pressure occurs even after kidney transplant is performed, which impairs the new kidney and shorten the lifespan. For hyperlipemia, it is the major culprits accounting for arteriosclerosis. As everybody knows, about 40% of kidney transplant patients die of cardiovascular diseases.